Financial statements need to be audited as per the mandate of the UAE government. Companies in the mainland are required to do this annually. Most businesses in the world are not particularly fond of the audit, sighting it as tedious and pressuring. Everybody wants to be found as following the acceptable accounting standards because it is a big benefit for their side. Hence, it is not easy to try to be calm when the future of this big benefit lies in an audit.
Lenders and creditors mainly look at a company’s audited financial statements to ensure that what they present themselves to be in regards to their financial status is actually legitimate.
This is why businessmen and businesswomen should be aware of the four types of the audit report for them to know what they are looking at when they are reviewing the report from auditors in Dubai.
Audit Report Unveiled
This simply consists of the results from the audit performed.
Auditors write everything about the audit that they have accomplished. This includes their and the company’s responsibility, the scope of the audit, the issues found, and suggested solutions to the said issues. This report is then given to the higherups of a company audited for them to review and read.
This is an important piece of the document because of the valuable information that it contains. This report can be categorized into four parts.
Four Types of Audit Reports
1. Unqualified Opinion
Unqualified opinion or clean report is what companies want to see on their audit reports. This is called a clean report for a reason. The auditor assigned to the audit writes about the fair and correct representation of a company’s records on their financial statements. It means that they follow the accounting standards required and do not hide any important facts or information.
This opinion is an auditor’s assumptions in the sense that they write what they see about your conformity with the accepted accounting principles and legal requirements. What it does not do is reveal the economic condition of a company.
2. Qualified Opinion
This is the kind of report that is often differentiated from the first one above. Although they are almost the same, they have distinct differences. This report does state the fairness and correctness of their financial statements apart from other areas. If a report has an unqualified opinion, the auditor has dealt with all the things needed to be dealt with but there are a few matters that are exceptions because of certain reasons.
These reasons can be because of limitation of scope in the job of an auditor, and it can be that disagreement is palpable between the two—management and auditor.
It should be noted though that qualified report denotes a decline in business. This is because their financial statements are not found to be transparent.
3. Disclaimer Opinion
This kind of report is also not a good sign for a company because this means that the auditor didn’t have the right opportunity that they need to perform the tasks that he needed to perform as per the scope of the audit.
This happens when there is a lack of assistance on the company’s management side, lack of information given, inappropriate maintenance of financial records, etc.
4. Adverse Opinion
This considered being the worst of all the reports mentioned above. This report tells everybody that will see the report that the company’s financial statements have a gross misstatement and even a possible fraud.
The worst type of financial report that can be issued to a business is an adverse opinion. This indicates that the firm’s financial records do not conform to GAAP. In addition, the financial records provided by the business have been grossly misrepresented. Although this may occur by error, it is often an indication of fraud. When this type of report is issued, a company must correct its financial statement and have it re-audited, as investors, lenders and other requesting parties will generally not accept it.
Where Can You See the Auditor’s Opinion in the Audit Report?
An audit report shows many segments but three major sections. Every audit report has an introduction about the audit that is performed, then the following sections will be shown:
First section: the auditor from auditing firms in UAE writes about the company’s responsibility (preparing financial statements and fair internal controls)
Second section: the auditor explains what their responsibility is and the nature of the audit. This section clarifies that only the financial statements and internal controls are assessed.
Third section: This is where the opinion can be found by the readers.
Top Regulated Auditors in Dubai
You can discuss the concerns you have about the annual audit. Alya Al Marzooqi Auditing and Chartered Accountants,We will provide you with the information you need about it. Our team of auditors in UAE will assist you as well.