Accounting is the process in which business transactions are recorded systematically in the various books of accounts maintained by the organization in order to prepare financial statements. These financial statements are basically of two types: First is Profitability Statement or Profit and Loss Account and second is Balance Sheet.
Following are the characteristics features of Financial Accounting:
1) Monetary Transactions:
In financial accounting only transactions in monetary terms are considered. Transactions not expressed in monetary terms do not find any place in financial accounting, howsoever important they may be from business point of view.
2) Historical Nature:
Financial accounting considers only those transactions which are of historical nature i.e the transaction which have already taken place. No futuristic transactions find any place in financial accounting, howsoever important they may be from business point of view.
3) Legal Requirement:
Financial accounting is a legal requirement. It is necessary to maintain the financial accounting and prepare financial statements there from. It is also obligatory to get these financial statements audited.
4) External Use:
Financial accounting is for those people who are not part of decision making process regarding the organization like investors, customers, suppliers, financial institutions etc. Thus, it is for external use.
5) Disclosure of Financial Status:
It discloses the financial status and financial performance of the business as a whole.
6) Interim Reports:
Financial statements which are based on financial accounting are interim reports and cannot be the final ones.
7) Financial Accounting Process:
The process of financial accounting gets affected due to the different accounting policies followed by the accountants. These accounting policies differ mainly in two areas: Valuation of inventory and Calculation of depreciation.
One cannot hope to continue business for very long without using basic accounting and bookkeeping. If you are starting with your company, it may be possible for you that you do all the accounting and bookkeeping yourself, but as your company shall grow, the need for proper and professional accounting will gradually increase.
Thus it is advisable that you should hire an excellent team of accountants. It is entirely understandable that a start-up will not have enough funds to hire an accountant and in such a case, they can hire a part-time accountant who would suit the needs of the company and also keep the finances in check.
“ALYA” is one of the reputed chartered accountant firms in Dubai which will understand your business needs and will provide you with financial advice accordingly. At “ALYA”, we strive to help you by providing accounting and bookkeeping services, both traditional in-house accounting and outsourced accounting and also offer solutions for your business. For more information, do contact us today – we’d be happy to help.
How can ALYA Auditors Chartered Accountants help to take the Role of Accounting in business?
The vast expansion of businesses in the UAE has been taking place at a rapid pace and the legal requirement to maintain proper books of accounts make the Role of Accounting in Business more competent. To keep up with this rapid pace of expansion of your businesses in the UAE, it is sometimes difficult to manage the accounting activities of their businesses on their own especially for SMEs. Hence, to take up the role of accounting in business and serving the business in UAE, we provide the below Accounting Services in the UAE